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I-95 Rappahannock River Crossing Project

I-95 Rappahannock River Crossing Public Hearing

The Virginia Department of Transportation will hold a public hearing Wednesday on the results of an environmental study for the proposed Rappahannock River Crossing project.

The study covers such things as the project’s purpose and need, along with the impact it would have on the area.

The hearing will be held at James Monroe High School from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. Wednesday. The report will be available and VDOT officials will be on hand to answer questions.

The Rappahannock River Crossing would add collector–distributor roads and bridges parallel to I–95 between U.S. 17 in Stafford and State Route 3 in Fredericksburg.

In its most recent long-range plan, the Fredericksburg Area Metropolitan Planning Organization ranked the crossing as the area’s the second-most important road project. It will have to compete for funding in the state’s new prioritization program, which will rank certain projects to determine which ones get funding.

Local and state transportation officials expect the crossing project to score well in the new program.

VDOT will accept comments on the project study through July 9.

Email comments to Include “I–95 Rappahannock River Crossing” in the subject line. Comments can be sent by regular mail to: Heather Williams, Virginia Department of Transportation, Project Manager, 1401 E. Broad Street, Richmond, VA 23219.

I-95 Rappahannock River Crossing Public Notice


The Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) has performed an environmental study for the Rappahannock River Crossing project, which would add collector-distributor lanes and bridges parallel to Interstate 95 northbound and southbound between Exit 130 (Route 3) in Fredericksburg and Exit 133 (Route 17) in Stafford County.

The goal of the Rappahannock River Crossing is to improve I-95 congestion by providing local traffic with an additional route to travel between Route 17 and Route 3. The existing I-95 interchanges at Route 17 and Route 3 would also be modified.

The Rappahannock River Crossing project does not include the Rappahannock Parkway, which is a separate project. Consequently, this study will not include study of the proposed design concept for Rappahannock Parkway.

For more information, please visit the I-95 Rappahannock River Crossing Environmental Study on the VDOT website.


The 2009, the Virginia General Assembly adopted an Act to create the George Washington Toll Road Authority and to prescribe its powers and duties (Chapter 801 of the 2009 Acts of Assembly). The Authority encompasses the City of Fredericksburg and the counties of Spotsylvania and Stafford for the purposes of alleviating highway congestion, promoting highway safety, expanding highway construction, increasing the utility and benefits and extending the services of public highways, including bridges, tunnels and other highway facilities, both free and toll, and otherwise contributing to the welfare of the Commonwealth and the George Washington Region. The Authority is governed by a ten member board of directors. Three members are appointed from each of the original participating localities from among their elected officials, and one member is a designee of the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Transportation.

The Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) have conditionally approved an Interchange Justification Report (IJR) for the “Rest Area Access/Toll Road project.  The “Rest Area Access/Toll Road” project, as presented in the approved IJR, included improvements to the I-95 Interchange at Route 17 in Stafford County, increased capacity to I-95 to the south (including new capacity across the Rappahannock River), a new I-95 Interchange just north of the Welcome Center in Fredericksburg and a new arterial/toll road extending from the new Interchange, southwesterly to the intersection of Gordon Road and Route 3.

In addition to funds dedicated to the project by the Fredericksburg Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (FAMPO), the Commonwealth Transportation Board (CTB) had programmed nearly $15 million in federal and state funds to complete the “Preliminary Engineering” (PE) phase of the project, including preliminary design, environmental analysis and financial analysis.

The George Washington Toll Road Authority (GWTRA) had agreed to manage the project in accordance with an executed Locally-Administered Project Agreement with VDOT.  The name of the project had been changed to “I-95 Rappahannock River Crossing”. In January 2012, the Spotsylvania County Board of Supervisors voted to object to the toll road portion of the project, while supporting the I-95 proper improvements; therefore, the project had been divided into phases, with one phase being the new interchange and a new arterial/toll road to Route 3 at Gordon Road and the other phases being the I-95 proper improvements.  No work on the interchange and toll road beyond the Preliminary Engineering (PE) Phase would had been undertaken without the support of the Spotsylvania County Board of Supervisors.  The project agreement with VDOT would had been amended to take into account the project phasing that was adopted on March 5, 2012 with GWTRA Resolution No. 12-01.

At the May 7, 2012 GWTRA meeting, it was announced by the Commonwealth Transportation Board that the project will be shelved and the funding will be allocated to other state road projects.  The ongoing environmental work will be completed as required.

In September 2013, Virginia Secretary of Transportation Sean Connaughton asked VDOT to make a recommendation for congestion relief in the Fredericksburg area at Interstate 95, Route 17 and Route 3 near the Rappahannock River. Secretary Connaughton made this request at the September 17-18, 2013 CTB meeting and workshop held in Fredericksburg.

Before VDOT undertakes any project, it has to determine the project’s purpose and need. For this study, the purpose was to reduce congestion by identifying alternatives that improve traffic operations and assist the flow of commerce along I-95, Route 17 and Route 3. The need was identified as reducing current and future congestion in the I-95 corridor near Route 3 and Route 17, as well as reducing crashes, gridlock and a failing level of service for motorists.

VDOT’s recommendations were delivered at the December 4, 2013 Commonwealth Transportation Board meeting.

Study Documents:

Fredericksburg Area Congestion Relief Study: Commonwealth Transportation Board Presentation

Fredericksburg Area Congestion Relief Study: Evaluation of Conceptual Alternatives (Technical Information Slides)

Technical Report, Fredericksburg Area Congestion Relief Study

Frequently Asked Questions

I-95 Access Study

I-95 Access Study (Entire Report) – October 22, 2010

Table of Contents
Executive Summary
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Existing Conditions
Chapter 3: Future Year Traffic & No-Build Alternative Analysis
Chapter 4: Purpose and Need
Chapter 5: Alternatives
Chapter 6: Analysis of Preferred Alternative
Chapter 7: Environmental Compliance
Chapter 8: Funding Plan
Chapter 9: Conclusion & Recommendations
Appendix A: Existing Conditions
Appendix B: No-Build Conditions
Appendix C: Alternative Analysis
Appendix D: Preferred Alternative

News Articles

04/17/2014 – VA Transportation Plan Released Wednesday – NBC 29 News
02/11/2014 – FAMPO blesses parkway proposals
12/12/2013 – Spotsy bypass returns, without the tolls
12/04/2013 – Rappahannock parkway makes comeback
12/01/2013 – VDOT to offer plan to fix I-95 congestion
10/21/2013 – FAMPO to consider I-95 corridor plans to send to state
10/16/2013 – Stafford Pitches Roads
09/25/2013 – Spotsy sends VDOT plans
09/18/2013 – State to examine area road woes
08/20/2013 – I-95 Bypass in Stafford Would End in Orange, Where Major Development Eyed 
05/15/2013 – Highway, Bridge and Transit Funding Proposed for Fredericksburg District
05/08/2012 – Interchange money going elsewhere
04/03/2012 – Parkway opposition continues
03/06/2012 – Resolution divides I-95 project in two
02/28/2012 – Toll authority could save part of I-95 improvements around Fredericksburg
02/28/2012 – Outer Connector plan still dead
02/27/2012 – Measure could keep I-95 interchange/toll road project alive
02/25/2012 – Could old road project return?
02/07/2012 – Spotsy supervisors explain votes to toll road panel
01/23/2012 – Spotsy to address traffic issues
01/22/2012 – Toll road plan may have hit dead end
01/21/2012 – Dead end for toll road hopes?
01/11/2012 – Spotsy board opposes bypass
11/04/2011 – Toll road project is a big issue
11/01/2011 – Like it or not, a toll road may be on the way
09/30/2011 – Planned toll road troubles some
06/09/2011 – Toll-road study plan OK’d by area panel
05/04/2011 – Parkway project finally moving
05/03/2011 – New Interchange clears hurdle
03/01/2011 – Local legislators had successes, some failures
12/12/2010 – Spotsy paving way for tolls?
09/10/2010 – Toll-road authority selects new leaders
07/21/2010 – I-95 interchange site picked
06/22/2010 – Second public hearing on GWTRA scheduled tonight before Fredericksburg City Council
06/22/2010 – A Toll Road For Fredericksburg
05/10/2010 – County joins toll board
04/28/2010 – Spotsy sups ask for details
04/12/2010 – Should our area add toll road to ease congestion on Rt. 3?
03/10/2010 – Public has little to say on toll road authority
03/08/2010 – City, Spotsy start toll road process
10/25/2009 – Planning for toll road to begin
05/19/2009 – Two plans weighed for new I-95 exit
02/18/2009 – Richmond could help us break up traffic jams
02/09/2009 – 4-mile spur TR in Fredericksburg VA advances
01/30/2009 – Local toll road eyed in Orrock transportation bill
11/18/2008 – Framework for toll authority moves ahead
02/26/2008 – New interchange in Spotsy backed

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